San Giorgio Group


The San Giorgio Group is a working group of key financial intermediaries and institutions actively engaged in green, low-emissions finance, established by Climate Policy Initiative in a collaboration with the World Bank Group, CLP (China Light & Power), and the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development). The San Giorgio Group is coordinated from CPI’s Venice office.


Partner Institutions

OECD   World Bank Group logo  CLP_logo

San Giorgio Group Focus

Effective green finance is critical to the success of low-emissions development. However, significant challenges remain including how to scale up actions to meet global needs, how to design risk-return arrangements to attract public and private capital, and how to disburse climate funds effectively. The San Giorgio Group focus includes:

  • Effective investment: systematic analysis of case studies and tracking of existing green investments
  • Ensuring learning: distill lessons from the evolving financing practices
  • Scaling up: provide insights on how public resources can be spent wisely to mobilize private finance

The San Giorgio Group work focuses on a systematic analysis of project, program, and instrument case studies to identify best practices for effective public and private investment, with a special focus on how risks faced by investors are addressed.

Latest from the San Giorgio Group


The Role of the Climate Investment Funds in Meeting Investment Needs

June 3, 2016

This study’s primary aim is to identify if and where the CIF business model adds value in the landscape of climate finance and whether the CIF holds a comparative advantage in supporting climate-relevant investment needs compared to other multilateral climate funds. This report also examines the role of concessional climate finance, characterizes its main providers, and discusses where and how concessional resources are most needed to address climate investment gaps in priority sectors.

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Fifth Annual Meeting of the San Giorgio Group: Expanding Green, Low-Emissions Finance

Island of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice, February 25, 2016

Organized by Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) in collaboration with the World Bank Group, China Light Power (CLP) and the Organisation ...

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Estimating Mobilized Private Finance for Adaptation: Exploring Data and Methods

November 20, 2015

This study advances understanding of how to assess publicly-mobilized private investment in climate resilience by developing, testing and evaluating a range of methodological options to estimate the amount of private finance mobilized by developed countries’ public finance interventions for climate adaptation in developing countries.

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Lessons on the Role of Public Finance in Deploying Geothermal Energy in Developing Countries

August 21, 2015

This report provides recommendations on the design and distribution of policymakers and development finance institutions' policy and financing tools to enable fast and cost-effective deployment of geothermal in developing countries. It draws lessons from case studies of geothermal projects with different public, private and mixed development models in Turkey, Kenya and Indonesia.

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Risk Mitigation Instruments for Renewable Energy in Developing Countries: A Case Study on Hydropower in Africa

July 16, 2015

This study examines the effectiveness of risk mitigation instruments used in a Ugandan hydropower project in driving investment and reducing costs and examines how these instruments might be used to drive private investment in other renewable energy projects in developing countries with high investment risks. The project is one of very few to make simultaneous use of different risk mitigation instruments provided by the World Bank Group.

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