Indonesia

Energizing Renewables in Indonesia: Optimizing Public Finance Levers to Drive Private Investment

November, 2018

This study aims to understand the role of public finance instruments for clean energy and identify opportunities to optimize them to spur private investment in Indonesia. The ultimate objective is to inform Indonesia’s public resource allocation strategy so that it will address the most critical barriers to clean energy investment and improve public capital efficiency.
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Energizing Renewables in Indonesia-Optimizing Public Finance Levers(505.1 kb)

Energizing Finance: Understanding the Landscape 2018

November, 2018

The Energizing Finance series is the first and only in-depth attempt to capture multiple years of data on investment for the two key areas of energy access: electrification and clean cooking. It focuses on public and private finance commitments in 20 developing countries – known as the high-impact countries – that together account for nearly 80% of those living without access to sustainable energy.
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Energizing Finance 2018 (Full Report)(4.8 MB)
Energizing Finance 2018 (Executive Summary)(1.6 MB)

Empowering Oil Palm Smallholder Farmers through Alternative Livelihoods

October, 2018

Climate Policy Initiative and the University of Palangka Raya and PILAR Foundation have developed an alternative livelihood research program that will not only help smallholder farmers secure alternative sources of income, but will also be scaled to businesses with the means to further grow the rural economy. This brief focuses on the business model aspects of two alternative livelihoods - cattle feed and fisheries - with application specifically to the East Kotawaringin and Katingan districts of Central Kalimantan in Indonesia.
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Empowering Oil Palm Smallholder Farmers through Alternative Livelihoods(1.7 MB)

Towards a More Sustainable and Efficient Palm Oil Supply Chain in Berau, East Kalimantan

July, 2018

The Berau district of East Kalimantan is rapidly expanding its palm oil sector. A new CPI study shows that Berau can reach optimal palm oil production levels and fulfill mill capacity needs with minimal land expansion, however, smallholders – who represent a key piece of the supply chain – currently face challenges preventing them from operating efficiently.
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Towards a more sustainable and efficient palm oil supply chain in Berau, East Kalimantan – Full publication(7.4 MB)
Menuju Rantai Pasok Kelapa Sawit yang Lebih Berkelanjutan dan Efisien di Berau, Kalimantan Timur(7.7 MB)

Indonesia’s Village Fund: An Important Lever for Better Land Use and Economic Growth at the Local Level

April, 2018

In keeping with its goals for sustainable economic growth and an inclusive and equitable economy, Indonesia is committed to avoiding deforestation. As the drivers of deforestation often originate from activities outside of forest borders, it is not enough to solve deforestation by conducting segregated actions targeted to specific forest areas. Indonesia must also work to strengthen the rural economy and improve regional collaboration by working across various administrative jurisdictions that encompass forest governance. To ensure the success of this jurisdictional approach, improved economic power and village governance are key.
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Indonesia’s Village Fund: An Important Lever for Better Land Use and Economic Growth at the Local Level(4.0 MB)
Indonesian Village Fund: Policy Brief 1(2.4 MB)
Indonesian Village Fund: Policy Brief 2(1.7 MB)

Design for a District Level Natural Capital Assessment in Central Kalimantan

October, 2016

This working paper, produced by Climate Policy Initiative with the technical support of Palangkaraya Institute for Land Use and Agricultural Research (PILAR) and University of Palangkaraya (UNPAR), lays the foundation for district level natural capital assessment in Central Kalimantan by reviewing existing mapping and regulations, and describing the design of such a study.
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Design for a District Level Natural Capital Assessment in Central Kalimantan(5.0 MB)
Desain Valuasi Sumberdaya Alam untuk Tingkat Kabupaten di Kalimantan Tengah(147.2 kb)

Central Kalimantan High Conservation Value Provincial Assessment

October, 2016

Central Kalimantan is at a crucial juncture for sustainable land use. The region is in the middle of a mid-term regional development planning process and has the opportunity to make choices that benefit its communities and businesses into the future. Strong, evidence-based information on land values can inform the Strategic Environmental Assessment which feeds into the provincial spatial plan (Rencana Tata Ruang Wilayah Provinsi or “RTRWP”). This analysis provides a framework to help the Central Kalimantan government, businesses and communities make informed decisions about how to manage land more sustainably. In particular, the report identifies biological, ecological, social, and cultural values considered exceptionally important in Central Kalimantan, and identifies threats to areas where these values occur.
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Central Kalimantan High Conservation Value Provincial Assessment (high resolution)(32.5 MB)
Central Kalimantan High Conservation Value Provincial Assessment (low resolution)(4.1 MB)
Ringkasan Eksekutif: Kajian Nilal Konservasi Tinggi Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah(1.1 MB)

Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low Carbon, Climate Resilient Land Use in Indonesia

February, 2016

This paper discusses the role of international development partners in financing mitigation and adaptation actions in the land use sectors in Indonesia. We evaluate what progress has been made to date, what challenges have been met, and what opportunities lie ahead to effectively support Indonesia, reflecting on the value add that development partners bring to the domestic picture.
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Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low Carbon Climate Resilient Land Use in Indonesia – Full Study(305.6 kb)
Taking Stock of International Contributions to Low Carbon Climate Resilient Land Use in Indonesia – Slide Deck(2.6 MB)

Improving Land Productivity through Fiscal Policy

December, 2015

Indonesia’s government has ambitious dual revenue and emission reduction goals: its 2015 revenue targets are 21% higher than 2014 targets, and it aims to reduce emissions 29% by 2030. These dual goals make it a growing priority to find ways to encourage productive land use that can generate domestic revenue, while also curbing emissions and deforestation. In a series of two studies, CPI's analysis indicates that Indonesia has opportunities to improve its fiscal policy frameworks to meet both goals simultaneously.
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Full Report – English – Improving Land Productivity Through Fiscal Policy-A Framework for Analysis(828.4 kb)
Full Report – English – Early Insights on Taxation in the Palm Oil Supply Chain(1.0 MB)
Fact Sheet – English – Fiscal Policies – A key tool to achieve indonesias land use goals(490.9 kb)
Fact Sheet – Bahasa – Kebijakan Fiskal sebagai kunci efisiensi di sektor penggunaan lahan dan pengelolaan sumber daya alam(458.4 kb)

Central Kalimantan’s Oil Palm Value Chain: Opportunities for Productivity, Profitability and Sustainability Gains

November, 2015

This working paper provides a first overview of Central Kalimantan’s oil palm value chain and the business actors involved throughout. It aims to identify how business investment can be optimized to support socially inclusive development, delivering productivity, profitability, and sustainability gains.
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Central Kalimantan Oil Palm Value Chain – Full Working Paper(2.6 MB)
Central Kalimantan Oil Palm Value Chain – Summary Slides(1.8 MB)

Using Private Finance to Accelerate Geothermal Deployment: Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant, Indonesia

June, 2015

This case study analyzes the 330MW Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant (GPP) which is on course to become the largest single contract geothermal power plant project in the world in 2018. The project has the highest private sector involvement of any geothermal project on a previously undeveloped field in Indonesia, thanks to substantial public support in the form of financing, guarantees and a feed-in tariff.
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Using Private Finance to Accelerate Geothermal Deployment – Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant in Indonesia(750.4 kb)
Menggunakan Pendanaan Swasta untuk Mempercepat Penggunaan Panas Bumi, Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Panas Bumi, Indonesiat – Ringkasan Eksekutif(149.0 kb)

Fact Sheet: The Production & Protection Strategy in Indonesia

November, 2014

Many nations face the challenge of reconciling economic and environmental goals. A Production-Protection strategy is an integrated approach aimed at ...
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Fact Sheet – Production & Protection Strategy in Indonesia(44.6 kb)

Landscape of Public Climate Finance in Indonesia

July, 2014

Indonesia’s desire to drive economic growth and reduce climate risk is reflected in the sweeping policy reforms it has introduced in recent years to meet targets announced in 2009 to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. In this report, CPI identifies which public actors are investing in Indonesia, through which instruments, and what they are investing in to provide a baseline against which to measure progress and plan scale up. This mapping exercise reveals investment patterns that allow decision makers to pinpoint where the biggest barriers and opportunities are.
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The Landscape of Public Finance in Indonesia – Executive Summary(470.6 kb)
The Landscape of Public Finance in Indonesia(1.2 MB)
The Landscape of Public Finance in Indonesia – Annexes(400.6 kb)

Pemetaan Pendanaan Publik untuk Perubahan Iklim di Indonesia

July, 2014

Komitmen Indonesia untuk mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi sekaligus mengurangi risiko perubahan iklim tercermin melalui serangkaian kebijakan baru yang diberlakukan beberapa tahun terakhir untuk mencapai target pengurangan emisi yang diumumkan di tahun 2009. Dalam laporan ini kami mengidentikasi para pelaku publik yang berinvestasi di Indonesia, instrumen yang digunakan, dan bentuk investasi yang dilakukan yang kemudian menjadi landasan untuk mengukur progress dan rencana pengembangan. Kami juga menemukan pola investasi yang membantu kami mengidentifikasi tantangan dan kesempatan yang ada.
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Pemetaan Pendanaan Publik untuk Perubahan Iklim di Indonesia – Ringkasan Eksekutif(472.7 kb)

San Giorgio Group Case Study: Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership

November, 2013

Emissions from deforestation and forest degradation make up nearly one fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions and the estimated costs of halving emissions from deforestation and forest degradation by 2030 far exceed available public resources. This case study analyzes the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership project in Indonesia to see what it can teach policymakers and investors about rehabilitating degraded peatland effectively, and what barriers need to be overcome to attract private investment at scale.
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SGG Case Study – Lessons from the Kalimantan Forests and Climate Partnership(589.5 kb)

Using Data Tools to Optimize Indonesia’s Land Resources: An Overview of Natural Capital Assessment

June, 2013

This brief distills the elements of natural capital assessment process, highlights a few cases of existing, related experience and tools from around the world; and situates the discussion in the context of Indonesia's development goals and pressures.
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Using Data Tools to Optimize Indonesia’s Land Resources- An Overview of Natural Capital Assessment(1.0 MB)
Penggunaan Data untuk Mengoptimalisasikan Sumber Daya Lahan Indonesia(1.0 MB)