Tag Archives: tax

Supporting wind energy and saving U.S. taxpayers nearly $5 billion in three easy steps

December 18, 2012 |

 

CPI’s recent study, Supporting Renewables While Saving Taxpayers Money, showed that U.S. governments could save a lot of money by adjusting how tax incentives for renewable energy are delivered. In particular, we showed that a $21/MWh taxable cash incentive for production (TCP) for wind could provide the same support to wind projects as the current $22/MWh production tax credit (PTC) and almost halve the cost to federal and state governments.

US Government could save 4.5 billion by adjusting current wind policy

The PTC is set to expire at the end of this year. The Senate has proposed extending it by one year, but at a cost to government in excess of $12 billion – a heavy lift given budget constraints. Replacing the PTC with a TCP could reduce that cost to $7.5 billion. A similar reduction in cost would apply to any proposal to extend the PTC, including the recent proposal by the American Wind Energy Association to phase-out the PTC over six years.

How does this work?

Well, wind project developers have limited tax liabilities. That means that by themselves, most project developers can’t use federal tax benefits until years after they are received, eroding almost two thirds of the incentive value. In order to get more out of these incentives, project developers bring in outside investors who have greater tax liabilities. This is called tax-equity financing. However, tax equity financing is more expensive and complex than conventional finance, and erodes about a third of the incentive value.

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Did federal renewable incentives make a difference?

December 3, 2012 |

 

Since 2008, U.S. workers have built enough solar and wind farms to power over six million homes with clean energy. This boom was financed primarily by tens of billions in private investment – substantial financial commitments which would not have been made in the midst of a deep financial crisis without strong, sustained policy supports at the state and federal level.

But were federal incentives really necessary and are they still needed moving forward, given recent reductions in solar and wind technology costs?

These questions are especially important in light of discussion around the production tax credit for wind, which is scheduled to expire at the end of this year.

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Supporting Renewables while Saving Taxpayers Money

September 18, 2012 |

 

In the face of the deepest economic downturn in decades, renewable energy in the U.S. is booming. With financing primarily from the private sector, U.S. workers have built enough solar and wind farms to provide clean electricity to over six million homes since the start of the recession in 2008.

This growth would not have been possible without steady support from state and federal policies like the $22/MWh production tax credit (PTC) for wind. But now, these policies are starting to fade away. A report by US PREF has shown that state policies are likely to drive far lower levels of renewable deployment than we’ve seen in recent years – and the PTC is set to expire at the end of the year.

On top of this, while the cost of wind and solar have been falling, rising deployment has led to rising costs to the federal government. With the steep fall in tax revenues and the increase in federal assistance that has come with the deep recession, lawmakers are looking for opportunities to reduce the deficit – and the cost of extending the PTC looms large. Policymakers want to balance support for renewable energy with these fiscal pressures.

So, we decided to analyze how the federal government can modify existing renewable incentives to save money, while sustaining strong support for U.S. renewable energy deployment. We used project financial modeling of three representative project cases based on actual deployed project cost, financing, and performance data and trends to perform the analysis. We aren’t alone in our interest in this topic; this work started as modeling to support a broader effort to examine ways to scale-up financing for renewable energy in partnership with the Energy Foundation, ACORE, and CalCEF.

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